The flag of Zambia was adopted in October 24, 1964. It was slightly modified in 1996. The green on the flag stands for natural resources and the red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, the black for the people of Zambia, and the orange for mineral wealth. The eagle represents the people’s ability to rise above the nation’s problems. It was designed by Mrs Gabriel Ellison, OGDS, MBE, who also designed the national coat of arms and many of Zambia’s stamps.